One of the most emblematic ski resorts in the French Pyrenees, is once again positioned as a pioneer in the use of non-polluting means of transport. The Luchon Superbagnères ski resort will have a train powered by hydrogen in the near future.
The French Occitanie Region has taken the pulse of the negligent management of the railway management company SNCF, ensuring that not only the line linking Montréjeau and Luchon will be rehabilitated and put into operation again, but the trains that will circulate through it will use clean energies to prevent pollution and pollution in mountain areas. It should be remembered that the railway line has been in disuse since November 2014, suffering considerable deterioration due to the inclement weather and the lack of maintenance.
An initiative promoted by the Region of Occitanie, positioning itself as the first French territorial community to commit itself in this way to respect for the environment, betting on clean energies and collective transport, renewing an old train line that had been forgotten of the God’s hand.
To speak of electric mobility is no longer to speak of the future, but of the present. The energy policies in most European countries go in this direction and the Balearic Government has been one of the pioneers. The Law of Climate Change and Energy Transition promoted by the Executive of Francina Armengol, which is in parliamentary procedure, foresees that the mobile fleet of the Islands will be decarbonised by 2050. This is, within 32 years, all the vehicles that will circulate through the Islands must be electric. For its part, the central government wants to push a law that prohibits the sale of gasoline, diesel and hybrid cars from 2040.
It is not about isolated measures. In 2024 Rome and Paris will prohibit the circulation of diesel cars, and a year later Brussels will do the same. The capital of Norway was the first to ban the use of these cars during the peaks of pollution and in less than two years all diesel will disappear from Oslo. Denmark wants the entire country to be free of any fossil fuel by 2050.
Vehicles that do not pollute, with the same autonomy as those of traditional combustion, safe and with maximum refueling comfort. Moved by an electric motor, but without the long waits at the time of recharging. It is an ideal scenario, maybe “science fiction” for many, but more real than it seems. It’s about hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. A technology that is already real, although in Spain the possibilities of having a “hydrogenera” in which to refuel are almost non-existent.
It is a bet for the future in which the Hyundai Motor Group wants to count, and a lot. The Korean automaker has announced its ‘FCEV Vision 2030’ plan to be developed in the long term, reaffirming its commitment to accelerate the development of the hydrogen society, which will take advantage of the group’s global leadership in fuel cell technologies.
The operation of a fuel cell car, simplified to the maximum, would be the electrochemical process that occurs when hydrogen is mixed with oxygen and causes the propulsion of the vehicle. During this mixture, an electricity is generated that passes to some batteries and from the batteries to the engine, with the only emission of water vapor and nitrogen.
The truck will have a fully electrified propulsion system and a compactor, thanks to which will reduce the emissions of noise and carbon dioxide (CO2) in the residential areas through which these vehicles pass. Renova and other similar companies have carried out tests with electric garbage trucks, but this will be the first with fuel cells.
“Hydrogen fuel cell electrification is a very attractive alternative for heavy industrial vehicles such as garbage trucks, trucks benefit from all the advantages of electrification while maintaining some of the best aspects of fossil fuel operations. such as scope, hours of service and payload, “said Renova Development Director, Hans Zackrisson.
The CNH2 continues working with new projects, this time it is a project related to trains. The National Hydrogen Center will sign an agreement with Renfe, Adif and CAF to develop a test bench for the use of fuel cells in trains.
For this project an 18 meter train carriage, from ALSTOM, will arrive to Puertollano, to one of the ships annexed to this center to carry out this investigation and make the modification in this car. In said wagon will be “all the transformation”, as explained by the director of the CNH2, Emilio Nieto, to be able to integrate the entire hybrid system of traction – it will be a hybridization between battery and fuel cell – and to know what is the best distribution of the weights, how much hydrogen as battery and battery is needed for the powers that are demanded, how the wagon is designed for people and how all the storage is distributed.
On December 23, the Hydrogen Foundation of Aragon, located in the Technological Park of Huesca, will be 15 years since its inception. At present, 25 people make up their human team and plans to close this year with the highest turnover ever.
This year’s budget was 1.2 million, including grants, participation in European projects and collaborations with companies. On the occasion of this anniversary, a complete program of events aimed at the general public as well as professionals and technicians that will happen during the next months has been approved.
In the last meeting of the board of trustees, the entry of Enagás was approved, it had already signed the agreement with the Department of Economy, Industry and Employment last October to develop projects based on the use of renewable gases such as hydrogen, biogas and biomethane.
The meeting also gave the green light to the plan of action of the Hydrogen Aragon Foundation for 2019, year in which the development of international projects will continue, in consortium with Aragonese companies and entities.
The transition to more sustainable mobility is an undeniable fact, as the Government has made clear in recent weeks. Now, one of the main questions is to know what will be the new fuel that will finally prevail in the automotive market. In recent years, the 100% electric car has taken advantage in this race, although it is not the only technology to be taken into account. The industry continues to investigate other sustainable fuels such as liquefied petroleum gases (LPG), natural gas or the hydrogen fuel cell, one of the alternatives (the latter) with more long-term potential according to experts. The great advantage of Aragón in this matter is that it is (or will be) very well positioned in the two technologies with the most future (electric and hydrogen car), so the community could become a benchmark for the mobility of the future . The experts underline, in fact, that it is a train that should not be missed.
The book starts with a theoretical understanding of electrocatalysis in the framework of density functional theory followed by a vivid review of oxygen reduction reactions. A special emphasis has been placed on electrocatalysts for a proton-exchange membrane-based fuel cell where graphene with noble metal dispersion plays a significant role in electron transfer at thermodynamically favourable conditions. The latter part of the book deals with two 2D materials with high economic viability and process ability and MoS2 and WS2 for their prospects in water-splitting from renewable energy.
The electric car and the hydrogen car, the two technologies with, predictably, the future in terms of mobility, mean for Aragon a competitive advantage to position itself as a benchmark in the market.
The Figueruelas plant will be the first European factory of Opel to produce an electric car, the Corsa, in 2019. Its implementation will provide a ‘know how’ very important to both Opel and the auxiliaries, which are already preparing for the components that this model will need. The subsidies that the regional government will provide in this area will also help, reports El Periódico de Aragón.
For its part, the CIRCE Foundation, located on the Río Ebro campus, is working on wireless recharges, while the Hydrogen Foundation, the research center promoted by the DGA in 2003 with the support of the Aragonese industry, is already playing a key role in the development of this technology.
The partners of the ‘Hy2Green’ project, led by the University of Huelva (UHU), met at the second transnational meeting held in Rome (Italy) to discuss the results obtained in the study carried out on the trends of the industry and the niche markets of renewable hydrogen technologies and national barriers to the implementation of these technologies.
Thus, the project aims to improve theoretical and practical knowledge about hydrogen technologies and renewable energies, as reported by the Onubense in a press release. The partners of the ‘Hy2Green’ project have also indicated that this meeting has served as a “starting point” for the development of the ‘Hy2Green’ training program. In this way, the objective of this project, led by the University of Huelva, is to improve theoretical and practical knowledge about hydrogen technologies and renewable energies, systems “key to the next green energy model of the European Union”.
A group of scientists from the universities of Liverpool, London College and the East China Science and Technology Institute have managed to synthesize a new organic material that can convert water into hydrogen fuel using sunlight. The photocatalytic production of hydrogen could become an abundant source of energy for which only two elements as abundant on Earth would be needed, such as water and solar radiation.
The organic catalyst necessary to carry out the process of division of atoms by which hydrogen is separated from oxygen can be built from cheap and abundant elements, such as carbon, nitrogen and sulfur. The team led by scientists at the University of Liverpool used a combination of empirical experiments and computational calculations of molecular structures to discover the composition of this organic photocatalyst that could be revolutionary and accelerate the use of hydrogen as an energy vector.
New cheaper and more efficient materials for the storage of renewable energy in the form of hydrogen could replace the current water separation catalysts. Professor Anthony O’Mullane, of the Queensland University of Technology (QUT), said that the potential for the chemical storage of renewable energy in the form of hydrogen is being researched all over the world.
The Australian government is interested in developing a hydrogen export industry to export our abundant renewable energy,” said O’Mullane of the QUT School of Science and Engineering. In the beginning, hydrogen offers a way to store clean energy on a scale that is required to make viable the deployment of large-scale wind and solar farms, as well as the export of green energy. However, current methods that use carbon sources to produce hydrogen emit carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas that mitigates the benefits of using renewable energy from the sun and wind.
The next Ibero-American Conference on Hydrogen and Fuel Cells —Iberconappice— will be held in Madrid in the second half of October 2019. In the coming weeks, the website will be enabled and the registration period and the call for abstracts detailed calendar will be published.
ASEPA organizes, on December 11th in the INSIA Auditorium of the South Campus of the Polytechnic University of Madrid, the 4th Meeting of the Technical Commission of Good Practices in the Automotive Sector (BPA). On this occasion, the focus of the appointment will be on the vehicle batteries and hydrogen as an alternative propulsion, in addition to the useful life cycle of the vehicles.
After the opening by Francisco Aparicio, president of ASEPA and Laureano Padilla, president of the BPA TC, (in which will recapitulate the activities carried out in this year, propose activities for 2019 and deliver the awards for Best Practices), intervene Álvaro Sauras, Technical Head of Autofácil and EVO, of the Luike Group. He will talk about batteries, as the heart of electric electric vehicles, focusing on current design and future trends.
Manuel Kindelán. Director General of Sigrauto (Spanish Association for the Environmental Treatment of Out-of-Use Vehicles) will open the second block with his presentation on “The Automobile and its useful life cycle, as an example of a circular economy. Then it will give way to the round table “The Hydrogen in the Automotive”, which will analyze the advantages and disadvantages of this element in the propulsion of vehicles, as well as its current situation.
In a society that is progressing towards an increasingly sustainable future and that tries to reduce total emissions to the atmosphere, the current hydrogen production systems based on the electrolysis of water in combination with renewable energy sources are considered as a resource of great potential. Both to obtain clean hydrogen and to minimize the fluctuations of renewable energies using hydrogen generated as an energy store.
Hydrogen is the most abundant chemical element that exists in the universe but it is not in free state but is combined with other elements, so it is not a natural resource, but an energy vector. Hydrogen can be produced from a wide range of energy sources such as water, fossil fuels or biomass, among others, through different processes depending on the raw material and the energy source used. The main processes to obtain it are electrolysis, gasification, reforming, biological processes or thermolysis. Due to the diversity of resources from which it can be produced, the use of the hydrogen vector implies greater security of supply and greater access to energy.
To date, the main uses of hydrogen are in the petrochemical and chemical industry, in oil refineries and in obtaining ammonia; although it is also used in the metallurgical, electronics and aerospace industries. At present hydrogen is also being used as fuel in fuel cell vehicles as well as in stationary applications. This hydrogen is obtained mainly from fossil resources, such as through the process of reforming natural gas, and to a lesser extent, through the process of electrolysis of water, separating the molecule from water into hydrogen and oxygen through a contribution of energy electric.