DID YOU KNOW THAT …?
Did you know that Energy Transition Day has taken place? Sustainability in the Assembly Hall of CIEMAT organized by APPICE?
The presentation was given by the Director of the Department of Energy of CIEMAT, Mrs. María Luisa Castaño, who was accompanied by Mrs. Loreto Daza, President of APPICE and Head of the Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Group of the Institute of Catalysis and Petrochemistry (CSIC), and by Mr. Tomás González Ayuso, Head of the Fuel Cells and System Integration Unit of CIEMAT.
In Panel 1 of papers, Mrs. Loreto Daza spoke, with her conference entitled Sustainable Energy Consumption or Evacuation to Mars, and Mr. Ángel Martínez Martínez, Director of Programs at JALVASUB Engineering, with his Conference entitled Technological Challenges in the Transportation Sector.
In Panel 2 of papers took part Mrs. Begoña Ruiz de Gordejuela Hidalgo, Higher Chemical Engineer in Hydrogens of the Nervión by H2Planet, with his Conference entitled Contribution of the fuel cells to our life. Projects that are already a reality; Mr. José Manuel Fenollar, of MODULAB Arquitectura y Vivienda S.L., with his Conference titled Energy Efficiency and Sustainability in Building; and finally, and closing the day, intervened Mr. Javier Brey Sánchez, CEO of H2B2 Electrolysis Technologies and Vice President of APPICE, with his conference entitled Hydrogen as a way to an energy transition.
According to controversial statements made recently by Sarah Maryssael, global manager of metals supply for batteries of Tesla, soon the industry could face a global shortage of key materials for the manufacture of batteries for electric cars, situation due to the little investment in mining, which does not correspond to the growing demand.
Thus, in the coming years there could be a shortage of nickel, copper and lithium in parallel with the increase in the sales figures of electric cars. This will result in an increase in the prices of minerals (remember that an electric car, for example, currently uses twice as much copper as a model with an internal combustion engine).
Hydrogen is a carrier of clean energy with multiple possible applications. However, this gas is highly flammable when mixed with air, so very efficient and fast sensors are needed to immediately detect a leak. Researchers from the Technological University of Chalmers (Sweden) have managed to develop a sensor that detects leaks in just one second, opening the way to the massive use of hydrogen-powered vehicles and other applications.
The professor of chemistry of the University of Massachusetts, Lowell David Ryan, has created a new way of driving electric vehicles by means of hydrogen that achieves that the autonomy of these is much greater, besides being a system that gains in security.
The idea is to create a more efficient way to make electric vehicles move, something for which Mr. Ryan uses water, carbon dioxide and metallic cobalt. Thanks to these three elements it manages to produce hydrogen gas on demand at a relatively low temperature and pressure.
Did you know that Air Liquide, Idex, STEP and Toyota create HysetCo to promote mobility based on hydrogen?
Air Liquide, Idex, Société du Taxi Électrique Parisien (STEP) and Toyota have joined forces to promote the development of hydrogen-based mobility with a joint venture called HysetCo. It is the first in history dedicated to the development of mobility based on hydrogen in the Île-de-France region, in Paris.
This collaboration represents an unprecedented milestone in the promotion of a hydrogen-based society in France and in the development of Hype, the world’s first hydrogen-based, emission-free fleet. It is a project launched in 2015, during COP21 and that has fuel cell cabs in circulation in Paris and throughout the Île-de-France region.
HysetCo will facilitate the deployment of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and their charging infrastructure in the Île-de-France region to reach the goal of 600 taxis by the end of 2020. Toyota will supply another 500 Mirai before the end of 2020, to Complete the existing fleet of 100 Hype vehicles.
This joint venture covers two activities: the distribution of hydrogen and the development of applications related to mobility. Within that ecosystem, each collaborator contributes his own knowledge. The entity’s mission is to promote the transition of the sector towards the elimination of emissions, with the aim of having ‘Taxis / VTC without emissions for the Olympic Games of Paris 2024’.
Transportation is one of the most important human needs. Nowadays, in our civilization it is so vital that we depend totally on it, both to move and to transport our resources, be it water, food, or any other basic need.
For this reason, it is logical to think that the automotive industry seeks to develop technologies that allow a better performance. It is expected that in the near future this economic sector will benefit enormously from nanotechnology and nanomaterials.
Global expectations of lower emissions and fuel savings are creating huge demands for lightweight, durable and low-cost materials to replace expensive metals and compounds, and nanotechnology can help meet those demands.
Scientists led by Johns Hopkins University have developed a new method to increase the reactivity of ultra-thin nanosheets, with only a few atoms of thickness, an advance that can make fuel cells for hydrogen cars cheaper in the future.
The new method focuses on finding the right amount, to evaluate how much metal would be required for the fuel cell electrodes. The technique uses the forces on the surface of a metal to identify the ideal thickness of the electrode.
«Each material experiences a tension on the surface due to the breakdown of the crystalline symmetry of the material at the atomic level. We discovered a way to make these crystals ultrafine, thus decreasing the distance between the atoms and increasing the reactivity of the material, «says Chao Wang, assistant professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at Johns Hopkins University and one of the corresponding authors of the study.
The capital of the Turia was the scene on Tuesday of the first working meeting of «H2PORTS – Implementing Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Technologies in Ports», a project aimed at implementing efficient solutions to reduce the environmental impact of operations developed in the port of Valencia. Thanks to this initiative, coordinated by the Valenciaport Foundation, in close collaboration with the Port Authority of Valencia, this enclave will become the first in Europe to incorporate hydrogen energy into its terminals.
H2PORTS, which has a total investment of four million euros and is financed by the Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking program (FCH JU), is part of the energy strategy implemented in 2017 by Valenciaport, based on the use of hydrogen and of fuel cells as an alternative energy.
This first meeting, which was attended by the general director of the Valenciaport Foundation, Antonio Torregrosa, and the director of Environment and Security of the APV, Federico Torres, is the starting signal for the implementation of the use of hydrogen through pilot projects that will operate in real conditions in the port of Valencia and that will bridge the gap between prototypes and pre-commercial products. Specifically, three pilots will be tested that will operate in this dock: a container loading / unloading and transport reach stacker, powered by hydrogen; a terminal tractor for ro-ro operations, powered by hydrogen batteries, and a mobile hydrogen supply station that will provide the necessary fuel to guarantee the continuous work cycles of the aforementioned equipment and that in the initial phase of the project will work in the Grimaldi (Valencia Terminal Europa) and MSC terminals in the Port of Valencia.
Did you know that two engineers from Extremadura create a prototype that stores hydrogen to turn it into electricity at a very low cost?
Two engineers from Extremadura have created a hydrogen generator that, through the decomposition of water, will allow low costs to store hydrogen to subsequently create electricity, increasing the clean energy available in homes.
Extremadura engineers Antonio Fioravanti and Jaime Casanova have built H2VIVO, a prototype that extracts hydrogen from water to convert it later into electricity. The prototype, with great efficiency and significantly lower costs than the other hydrogen generators, provides an advantage of energy and lower costs in homes.
The hydrogen generator, created by extrememos with the collaboration of two professors from the Polytechnic University of Madrid, uses the energy of solar panels to decompose water into hydrogen and oxygen. The purpose is to store hydrogen to create «a clean, safe and inexhaustible energy, through its transformation to combustion gas or electricity», according to the researchers told Efe, and release oxygen to counteract greenhouse gases.
There are many who think that the hydrogen car is really the future of the automotive industry, since they do not have the problems of recharging and autonomy of electric cars and, like them, do not emit CO2. But then why is there hardly one for sale in Spain, the Hyundai Nexo? Well, because they are terribly expensive (and there are hardly any hydrogenerators, but that’s another song).
Now a team of scientists at Brown University has developed a new catalyst that could make vehicles powered by hydrogen fuel cells cheaper. Based on nanoparticles made of an alloy of platinum and cobalt, the new catalyst is not only cheaper than pure platinum, but also promises to be more efficient and more durable.
With hydrogen fuel cells and adequate infrastructure, we would have cars as clean as electric cars (in direct emissions) and the freedom of conventional fossil fuels. Let’s try now to explain how functional.
The plastic waste could, in the not too distant future, fill the tanks of vehicles powered by hydrogen. The technology to make this possible already exists and has been developed by chemists at the University of Swansea in the United Kingdom. Scientists have developed a simple and efficient process to convert three common polymers into pure hydrogen.
The importance of this research -published in August in the journal of the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) – was explained by Dr. Moritz Kuehnel in an interview with the BBC: the team managed to improve the photo-transformation technique of waste plastics It involves adding a solar absorbing material to the polymers, putting it in a solution and exposing it to sunlight to transform those molecules into other molecules. «The process – explains Kuehnel – produces hydrogen gas: it is possible to see the bubbles coming directly from the surface».
The EMBATT-goes-FAB project, in which Daimler participates, is developing bipolar batteries for electric vehicles based on lithium-ion technology, capable of achieving autonomy of up to a thousand kilometers.
With the aim of achieving batteries for electric vehicles with greater autonomy, the German Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy has created the EMBATT-goes-FAB project, in which four German companies and institutions participate: Daimler, Thyssenkrupp System Engineering, IAV and the Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Systems. For two years, the four partners will develop bipolar batteries with greater storage capacity than the current ones. According to the developers, these battery cells applied to the electric car would be able to offer up to 1,000 kilometers of autonomy per charge.